The state and production of grasslands in Serbia
Caro Petrović, Violeta
Conference object (Published version)
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Given that Serbia (without Kosovo) has large areas under grassland, the aim of this study was to analyze the variation and trend of the areas, total production and yields over 71 years (1948-2018) and prognosis of yield in the next 30 years. The results indicated that the area of grasslands in Serbia declined over the last decade. Most grasslands in hilly-mountain region were degraded and without application of agrotechnical - remedial measures so that large areas were lost. In Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, areas of grasslands have been declining because have been converted into arable land. Total production of meadows increased while total production of pastures decreased during the observed period. The grasslands areas in Serbia showed low yields. In the Vojvodina region, meadows showed decrease in forage productivity, while pastures showed increase in forage productivity. Areas under meadows and pastures should be recultivated and brought into production in accordance... with the needs of livestock development. This will result in higher quantity and higher quality production of green mass and hay. Unfortunately, depopulation and underrepresentation of animals per unit area represented a limiting factor for grassland exploitation. On the other hand, in the future yield growth rates of grasslands in Serbia and Central Serbia and pastures in Vojvodina will very low increase. Contrary, yields growth rates of meadows in Vojvodina will decrease by 2050.
Keywords:Grasslands / Yield changes / Trend analysis / Serbia.
Source:Book of proceedings XI International Scientific Agriculture Symposium “Agrosym 2020”, 08-10-2020
- University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, Serbia Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari (CIHEAM - IAMB) Italy International Society of Environment and Rural Development, Japan Balkan Environmental Association (B.EN.A), Greece Centre for Development Research, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Austria Perm State Agro-Technological University, Russia Voronezh State Agricultural University named after Peter The Great, Russia Faculty of Bioeconomy Development, Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania Enterprise Europe Network (EEN) Faculty of Agriculture, University of Akdeniz - Antalya, Turkey Selçuk University, Turkey University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Romania Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovakia Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination, Kyiv, Ukraine National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine Valahia University of Targoviste, Romania National Scientific Center „Institute of Agriculture of NAAS“, Kyiv, Ukraine Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical University, Russia University of Valencia, Spain Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Egypt Tarbiat Modares University, Iran Chapingo Autonomous University, Mexico Department of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Perugia, Italy Higher Institute of Agronomy, Chott Mariem-Sousse, Tunisia Watershed Management Society of Iran Institute of Animal Science- Kostinbrod, Bulgaria Faculty of Agriculture, University of Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina Faculty of Economics Brcko, University of East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina Biotechnical Faculty, University of Montenegro, Montenegro Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Serbia Institute of Lowland Forestry and Environment, Serbia Institute for Science Application in Agriculture, Serbia Agricultural Institute of Republic of Srpska - Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina Maize Research Institute “Zemun Polje”, Serbia Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Serbia Institute for Animal Science, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Macedonia Academy of Engineering Sciences of Serbia, Serbia Balkan Scientific Association of Agricultural Economics, Serbia Institute of Agricultural Economics, Serbia
- Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia No 451-03-68/2020-14