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dc.creatorKostić, Aleksandar
dc.creatorMiličić, Danijel
dc.creatorPetrović, Tanja
dc.creatorKrnjaja, Vesna
dc.creatorStanojević, Slađana
dc.creatorBarać, Miroljub
dc.creatorTešić, Živoslav
dc.creatorPešić, Mirjana
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-20T08:39:21Z
dc.date.available2019-03-20T08:39:21Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn2072-6651
dc.identifier.urihttp://r.istocar.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/609
dc.description.abstractDue to its divergent chemical composition and good nutritional properties, pollen is not only important as a potential food supplement but also as a good substrate for the development of different microorganisms. Among such microorganisms, toxigenic fungi are extremely dangerous as they can synthesize mycotoxins as a part of their metabolic pathways. Furthermore, favorable conditions that enable the synthesis of mycotoxins (adequate temperature, relative humidity, pH, and a w values) are found frequently during pollen collection and/or production process. Internationally, several different mycotoxins have been identified in pollen samples, with a noted predominance of aflatoxins, ochratoxins, fumonisins, zearalenone, deoxynivalenol, and T-2 toxin. Mycotoxins are, generally speaking, extremely harmful for humans and other mammals. Current EU legislation contains guidelines on the permissible content of this group of compounds, but without information pertaining to the content of mycotoxins in pollen. Currently only aflatoxins have been researched and discussed in the literature in regard to proposed limits. Therefore, the aim of this review is to give information about the presence of different mycotoxins in pollen samples collected all around the world, to propose possible aflatoxin contamination pathways, and to emphasize the importance of a regular mycotoxicological analysis of pollen. Furthermore, a suggestion is made regarding the legal regulation of pollen as a food supplement and the proposed tolerable limits for other mycotoxins.en
dc.language.isoensr
dc.publisherMDPI, Basel, Switzerlandsr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Technological Development (TD or TR)/31069/RS//sr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Basic Research (BR or ON)/172017/RS//sr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Integrated and Interdisciplinary Research (IIR or III)/46010/RS//sr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Technological Development (TD or TR)/31023/RS//sr
dc.rightsopenAccesssr
dc.sourceToxinssr
dc.subjectPollensr
dc.subjectFungisr
dc.subjectMycotoxinssr
dc.subjectAflatoxinssr
dc.subjectOchratoxinssr
dc.subjectFumonisinssr
dc.subjectT-2 toxinsr
dc.subjectZearalenonesr
dc.subjectDeoxynivalenolsr
dc.titleMycotoxins and mycotoxin producing fungi in pollen: Reviewen
dc.typearticlesr
dc.rights.licenseBYsr
dcterms.abstractПешић, Мирјана; Костић, Aлександар; Миличић, Данијел; Петровић, Тања; Крњаја, Весна; Станојевић, Слађана; Бараћ, Мирољуб; Тешић, Живослав;
dc.citation.volume11
dc.citation.issue2
dc.citation.spage64
dc.citation.rankM21
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/toxins11020064
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://r.istocar.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/1796/bitstream_1796.pdf
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85060521205
dc.identifier.wos000460801500006
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionsr


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