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Pojava deformacije ekstremiteta krava simentalske rase u različitim tipovima ležišta

dc.creatorStojanović, Marko
dc.creatorPerišić, Predrag
dc.creatorNikšić, Dragan
dc.creatorPantelić, Vlada
dc.creatorOstojić Andrić, Dušica
dc.creatorLazarević, Marina
dc.creatorPetričević, Maja
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-14T15:14:47Z
dc.date.available2018-12-14T15:14:47Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn1450-9156
dc.identifier.urihttp://r.istocar.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/557
dc.description.abstractProblems with legs and various forms of lameness of cows, in intensive milk production, are the third significant problem occuring in this production, after mastitis and reproductive disorders, both globally and in our country. The paper analyzes the incidence of the deformation of legs of 145 cows of the Simmental breed in the Kolubara region, and the influence of paragenetic factors (housing/holding and type of stall/bedding and lactation) on the incidence of deformations. The obtained results show that, of the total number of cows assessed, 3.45% had 'X' position of the front legs, 14.8% had a 'X' position of the hind legs. The convergent position of the front legs was recorded in 35.86%, and divergent in 8.28% of animals. The convergent position of the hind legs was observed in 16.55% of cows, and divergent in 2.76%. The outward position of the front legs was observed in 4.14% of cows, inward position in 11.03%, and broad position in 4.14% of studied cows. Also, 17.24% of the cows had a so called sable like position of hind legs, and 7.59% showed steap angle of hind legs. The pronounced soft front leg pasterns were observed in 7.59% of the cows, and the soft pasterns of the hind legs in 33.79% of the total number of observed cows. The observed changes in the ankles in the shape of swelling were recorded in 1.38% of cattle on the carpal joint and 2.76% on the tarsal ankle. The damaged shoulder and body joint (scabbed shoulder) was observed in 43.45% of the total number of cows evaluated. Scores for the front and hind legs front, back and side views, varied at different levels of significance under the influence of the type of stall/bedding, while the scores for the condition of the hind leg pasterns varied highly significantly (p (lt) 0.001) under the influence of the type of stall/bedding. The scores for the front leg pasterns and scores for shoulder and body joint were not significant (p> 0.05) depending on the type of stall/bedding and the method of housing/holding of cows.en
dc.description.abstractProblemi sa nogama i različiti oblici šepavosti krava, u intenzivnoj proizvodnji mleka su treći problem po značaju posle mastitisa i reproduktivnih poremećaja, kako u svetu tako i u našoj zemlji. U radu su analizirane pojava deformacije stavova nogu 145 krava simentalske rase na području Kolubarskog okruga, i uticaj paragenetskih faktora (način držanja i tip ležišta i laktacija po redu) na pojavu deformacija. Od ukupnog broja ocenjenih krava 3,45 % je imalo 'X' stav prednjih nogu, 14,8% je imalo 'X' stav zadnjih nogu. Konvergentan stav prednjih nogu imalo je 35,86%, a divergentan 8,28%. Konvergentan stav zadnjih nogu imalo je 16,55% krava, a divergentan 2,76%. Isturen stav prednjih nogu imalo je 4,14% krava, podvučen 11,03%, a širok stav 4,14%. Sabljast stav zadnjih nogu imalo je 17,24% krava, a stubast 7,59%. Izražene mekane kičice prednjih nogu imalo je 7,59% krava, a mekane kičice zadnjih nogu imalo je 33,79% od ukupnog broja ocenjenih krava. Uočene promene na zglobovima u vidu otoka imalo je 1,38% krava na karpalnom zglobu i 2,76% na tarzalnom zglobu. Narušen spoj lopatice i tela (odvaljena plećka) imalo je 43,45% od ukupnog broja ocenjenih krava. Ocene za stavove prednjih i zadnjih nogu posmatrano spreda, otpozadi i sa strane varirale su na različitom nivou značajnosti pod uticajem tipa ležišta, dok ocene za stanje kičica na zadnjim nogama su vrlo visoko značajno (p (lt) 0,001) varirale pod uticajem tipa ležišta. Ocene za kičice prednjih nogu i ocene za spoj lopatice i trupa, nisu značajno (p>0,05) zavisile od tipa ležišta i načina držanja krava.sr
dc.publisherInstitute for Animal Husbandry, Belgrade
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceBiotechnology in Animal Husbandry
dc.subjectSimmental breeden
dc.subjectextremitiesen
dc.subjectstall/beddingen
dc.subjectsimentalska rasasr
dc.subjectekstremitetisr
dc.subjectležištesr
dc.titleIncidence of deformations of the extremities of simmental cows in different types of stallsen
dc.titlePojava deformacije ekstremiteta krava simentalske rase u različitim tipovima ležištasr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseBY
dcterms.abstractПеришић, Предраг; Пантелић, Влада; Остојић-Aндрић, Душица; Лазаревић, Марина; Петричевић, Маја; Стојановић, Марко; Никшић, Драган; Појава деформације екстремитета крава сименталске расе у различитим типовима лежишта; Појава деформације екстремитета крава сименталске расе у различитим типовима лежишта;
dc.citation.volume34
dc.citation.issue2
dc.citation.spage189
dc.citation.epage198
dc.citation.other34(2): 189-198
dc.citation.rankM24
dc.identifier.doi10.2298/bah1802189S
dc.identifier.rcubKonv_814
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://r.istocar.bg.ac.rs//bitstream/id/2292/555.pdf
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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