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Intenzivna pojava vrsta roda Aspergillus kao odgovor na uslove spoljašnje sredine u Srbiji

dc.creatorLević, Jelena
dc.creatorGošić-Dondo, Snežana
dc.creatorIvanović, Dragica
dc.creatorStanković, Slavica Ž.
dc.creatorKrnjaja, Vesna
dc.creatorBočarov-Stančić, Aleksandra S.
dc.creatorStepanić, Ana
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-14T15:02:38Z
dc.date.available2018-12-14T15:02:38Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.issn1820-3949
dc.identifier.urihttp://r.istocar.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/375
dc.description.abstractThe frequency and incidence of A. flavus and A. niger on barley, maize, soybean, sunflower and wheat grain, the abundance of European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis) moths and their interaction depending on weather conditions in the 2008-2012 period were studied. Under the agroecological conditions of Serbia, the species A. niger is more frequent than A. flavus, and concerning the crop species, its frequency is highest in kernels of sunflower, than soybean, maize, barley and wheat. A. flavus was extremely dominant on all plant species in 2012 regarding its frequency: 100% on soybean, 95.3% on maize, 65.2% on barley, 57.1% on sunflower and 45.8% on wheat. Furthermore, the incidence of A. flavus was higher in 2012 than in previous years. The uncommonly high frequency and incidence of A. flavus infestation of maize grain in 2012 were caused by extremely stressful agrometeorological conditions, high temperatures and drought over the period from flowering to waxy maturity of maize. The precipitation factor (Pf = precipitation sum / average monthly temperature) showed that 2012 was extremely arid in June (Pf = 0.57), July (Pf = 1.45), August (Pf = 0.15) and September (Pf = 1.42). European corn borer (ECB) was a second factor causing intensive occurrence of A. flavus on maize grain in 2012. The maximum flight of ECB moths was recorded as early as in July (5,149) and, as a result of this, high damage and numerous injuries were detected at harvest. Those injuries were covered by visible olive-green powdery colonies typical of A. flavus. In the chronology of A. flavus occurrence, these are the first data on its very high frequency and incidence under the agroecological conditions of Serbia. As intensive infections with A. flavus were rare in the past 50 years, the level of aflatoxins in maize grain was low.en
dc.description.abstractU ovom radu su analizirani učestalost i intenzitet napada A. flavus i A. niger na 180 uzoraka zrna ječma, 1138 kukuruza, 283 soje, 89 suncokreta i 79 pšenice, brojnost leptira kukuruzovog plamenca (Ostrinia nubilalis), kao i njihova interakcija u zavisnosti od meteoroloških uslova u periodu 2008-2012. U agroekološkim uslovima u Srbiji vrsta A . niger je učestalija od vrste A. flavus, a u zavisnosti od biljne vrste pojavljuje se najčešće na zrnu suncokreta, zatim soje, kukuruza, ječma i pšenice. A. flavus je izuzetno bila dominantna na svim biljnim vrstama u 2012, kako po učestalosti, tako i intenzitetu napada. Ova vrsta je u 2012. godini utvrđena kod svih uzoraka soje (100%), nešto manje na zrnu kukuruza (95,3%), zatim na ječmu (65,2%) i suncokretu (57,1%) i najmanje na zrnu pšenice (45,8%). Intenzitet napada A. flavus je, također, bila veća u 2012. u poređenju sa prethodnim godinama. Neuobičajeno visoka učestalost i intenzitet napada A. flavus na zrnu kukuruza u 2012. godini bila je uslovljena izuzetno stresnim agrometeorološkim uslovima, visokim temperaturama i sušom, od cvetanja do voštane zrelosti kukuruza. Kišni faktor (Kf = suma padavina / prosečna mesečna temperatura) ukazuje da je te godine bila izuzetno aridna klima u junu (Kf = 0,57), julu (Kf = 1,45), avgustu (Kf = 0,15) i septembru (Kf = 1,42). Kukuruzov plamenac je drugi činilac koji je uslovio intenzivnu pojavu A. flavus na zrnu kukuruza u 2012. godini. Maksimalni let leptira ovog insekta utvrđen je veoma rano, posebno let druge generacije, već u julu 2012. (5.149 jediniki), a kao posledica toga u vreme berbe su utvrđena i brojna oštećenja na kojima je bio vidljiv razvoj maslinasto-zelenih praškastih kolonija koje su tipične za A. flavus. U hronologji pojave A. flavus ovo su prvi podaci o njenoj jako visokoj učestalosti i intenzitetu napada u agroekološkim uslovima u Srbiji. Intenzivna pojava A. flavus je bila retka u proteklih 50 godina zbog čega je bio i nizak nivo aflatoksina u zrnu kukuruzu.sr
dc.publisherInstitute of Pesticides and Environmental Protection, Belgrade / Plant Protection Society of Serbia, Belgrade
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Technological Development (TD or TR)/31023/RS//
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
dc.sourcePesticidi i fitomedicina
dc.subjectCerealsen
dc.subjectSunfloweren
dc.subjectSoybeanen
dc.subjectAspergillus flavusen
dc.subjectA. nigeren
dc.subjectOstrinia nubilalisen
dc.subjectEnvironmenten
dc.subjectŽitasr
dc.subjectsuncokretsr
dc.subjectsojasr
dc.subjectAspergillus flavussr
dc.subjectA. nigersr
dc.subjectOstrinia nubilalissr
dc.subjectuslovi spoljašnje sredinesr
dc.titleAn outbreak of Aspergillus species in response to environmental conditions in Serbiaen
dc.titleIntenzivna pojava vrsta roda Aspergillus kao odgovor na uslove spoljašnje sredine u Srbijisr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseBY-SA
dcterms.abstractСтанковић, Славица Ж.; Левић, Јелена; Ивановић, Драгица; Крњаја, Весна; Бочаров-Станчић, Aлександра; Степанић, Aна; Гошић-Дондо, Снежана; Интензивна појава врста рода Aспергиллус као одговор на услове спољашње средине у Србији; Интензивна појава врста рода Aспергиллус као одговор на услове спољашње средине у Србији;
dc.citation.volume28
dc.citation.issue3
dc.citation.spage167
dc.citation.epage179
dc.citation.other28(3): 167-179
dc.citation.rankM24
dc.identifier.doi10.2298/PIF1303167L
dc.identifier.rcubKonv_828
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://r.istocar.bg.ac.rs//bitstream/id/2113/373.pdf
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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