Study of the project 'production of beef'
Studija projekta 'proizvodnja junećeg mesa'
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Realization of the programme of crossing of Domestic spotted cattle with meat cattle breeds in order to obtain cattle for export (live or as beef) has following production effects: - Intensifying of the fattening ability, - Improvement of the meat quality by crossing (crossbreds F1 generation), - Increased dressing percentage of the carcass, and - Realization of higher price (by10-15%) for 1 kg of body mass in export; - Reduced cost of feed per 1 kg of gain. Improvement of the quality of meat by application of this programme will be achieved in color, firmness, fineness of muscle fibers, marbling and flavor of meat. Majority of mentioned traits is significant in relation to quality as well as the price of 1 kg of meat for export. Dressing percentage of carcass of domestic spotted cattle is extremely low - 53-56%. With this programme higher by 3-4% dressing percentage will be achieved. Cattle obtained by crossing are expected to have an average dressing percentage of 59-60%. Eco...nomical efficiency of the production of beef depends on realized daily and total gain of body mass, dressing percentage, quality of meat and cost of feed per 1 kg of gain. Farmers are very interested in realizing high gain with lower costs of feed (conversion) per 1 kg of gain, whereas slaughterhouses and processing plants define their interest in high dressing percentage and quality of meat, as well as export orientation, since in this way they are able to increase the price of meat by 10-15% per 1 kg of carcass sides. Results of carried out researches are beef of high quality for domestic and foreign market. Complete results of mentioned researches will contribute to considerable increase of yield of beef, carcass sides, meat sections of the highest quality, meat in chunks packaged according to moder standards. Obtained results - products will be placed on the market, presented in specialized journals and on numerous scientific meetings and symposia.
Source:Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 2003, 19, 1-2, 75-82
- Institute for Animal Husbandry, Belgrade